The process for affecting positive change to improve practice outcomes can start with either the identification of an area of interest or the identification of a potential or existing practice problem. Selecting an area of interest helps to define a direction for further inquiry. The purpose of this assessment is for students to identify and discuss an area of interest specific to advanced practice nursing. Students will identify a common practice problem related to the selected area of interest and provide a recommendation to affect positive change. Students will build on this project in later courses.
Note: The purpose of the MSN project is to translate evidence currently found in the literature into practice within the chosen specialty track. Due to the research complexity, time involvement, and implications regarding human subjects, drug studies are not acceptable areas of interest for an MSN project.
Criteria for Content
For this presentation, select an area of nurse practitioner (NP) practice that is of interest to you and in which you would like to see a practice change occur. Conduct a review of literature to see what is currently known about the topic and to find research support for the practice change you are recommending. You may use a topic from the list at the link below or may investigate a topic of your choice as long as it pertains to NP practice. If you are unsure of your topic, please reach out to your instructor. Be sure to provide speaker's notes for all slides except the title and reference slides.
Through this assignment, the student will demonstrate the ability to:
Note: The purpose of the MSN project proposal is to translate evidence currently found in the literature into practice within the chosen specialty track. Due to the research complexity, time involvement, and implications regarding human subjects, drug studies are not acceptable areas of interest for a MSN project.
· Best evidence available about a topic (i.e. frequency of mammography)
· Screening recommendations (i.e. PSA for prostate cancer)
· Information about a healthcare-related phenomenon (i.e. when to talk to a person about ending treatment for a terminal illness, non-compliance of diet for individuals with congestive heart failure)
· Vaccinations for adults and/or children
· Early assessment for health-related concerns (i.e. depression in teenagers; suicide prevention for the elderly)
· Life style changes (i.e. smoking cessation, increasing activity in teenagers)
· Relationship between events or health concerns (i.e. relationship between dementia and caffeine consumption.
· Selection on an intervention (i.e. use of small group theory to lessen anxiety)
· Symptom management (i.e. pain, vomiting)
Create an 8-12 slide PowerPoint Presentation that includes the following:
Preparing the presentation
Best Practices in Preparing the Project
The following are best practices in preparing this project:
Slide should identify concepts to be addressed and sections of the presentation. Include speaker’s notes that explain, in more detail, what will be covered.
Slide should explain the general importance of master's-prepared nurses engaging in evidence-based projects related to nursing practice and profession. Provide speaker’s notes with additional detail and support from at least one outside scholarly source (not the textbook or course lesson).
Slide should provide an illustration of a conceptual model that could be used to develop an evidence-based project. Possible models include The John's Hopkins or Advancing Research and Clinical Practice through Close Collaboration (ARCC) Models or you may select another model you find in the literature. In the speaker’s notes, explain how the model would be applied to the development of an evidence-based project. Provide support from at least one outside scholarly source (not the textbook or course lesson).
Area of Interest
Identify an area of interest related to NP practice in which a practice change may be needed. Slide should identify the area of interest and what is currently known on the topic. Speaker’s notes more fully explain what is currently known and should provide rationale for why the area of interest is important to NP practice. Provide support from at least one outside scholarly source (not the textbook or course lesson).
Issue/concern and recommendation for change
Slide should identify a specific concern related to your general area of interest and your recommendation for a practice change. Speaker’s notes should more fully explain the recommended change and rationale for the change. Recommendation should be supported by at least one outside scholarly source (not the textbook or course lesson).
Factors Influencing Change
Slide should identify at least 2 internal and external factors that could impact your ability to implement your recommended change. Speaker’s notes should more fully explain how the factors you’ve identified would support or impede the implementation of your recommendations. Factors may be based on personal experience or on information you found in your research. If the identified factors come from the literature, provide reference citations to support your ideas.
Slide identifies at least two NONPF Competencies that are relevant to an evidence-based project related to your area of interest. Speaker’s notes should explain how the competencies relate to your area of interest. Provide support from at least one outside scholarly source (not the textbook or course lesson).
Slide provides summary points of presentation. Speaker’s notes provide final comments on the topic.
1) References on reference slide must be in APA format. May use bullets instead of hanging indents.
2) In-text citations on slides and in speaker’s notes must be in APA format.
Writing mechanics follow the rules of grammar, spelling, word usage, punctuation, and other aspects of formal written work as found in the current edition of the APA manual. Presentation length meets assignment guidelines.
1) Presentation has title slide
2) Presentation has reference slide(s)
3) Slides are professional in appearance and tone;
4) Slides are balanced spatially, including words and graphics.
Creating a Professional Presentation
Chamberlain College of Nursing
An electronic presentation is a common mode of communication in today’s healthcare environment. As with any written assignment, be sure to proofread the slides for spelling and grammatical errors. Well-prepared electronic presentations can stimulate the discussion. Conversely, poorly developed slides can result in an audience that is disenfranchised and counting the moments until the presentation is completed (Bott & Leonhard, 2007).
Assists in communicating information
Simplifies creation of visuals
Lets you add film clips, sound, movie-like
transitions, animation, and run-alone shows
Whether you are working as a nurse educator, nurse executive, staff development educator, or a graduate student, it is important for the nurse of the 21st century to be proficient in creating a professional presentation (Pugsley, 2010). The most common method of providing an electronic presentation is via the use of PowerPoint from Microsoft®. An electronic presentation is a great visual aid to enhance the message, especially when film clips, graphics, sounds, and more are judiciously added to the presentation.
Create an outline of your content
Select a slide design
As you prepare the presentation, be cognizant of the fact that nothing beats preparation and understanding of the content to be presented. Begin the creation of the presentation by determining the goals and objectives of the session and outline vital concepts to ensure that the slides are presented in a logical sequence (Bott & Leonhard, 2007; Pugsley, 2010).
Unless you are proficient in slide design, use slide designs provided by PowerPoint; choose one slide design and continue the design throughout the presentation.
Consider the target audience when selecting the theme for your presentation. For example, a group of artists may prefer a vibrant and animated presentation, while a conservative approach would be more appropriate for the Board of Directors (Bott & Leonhard, 2007).
Principles of Good Visual Construction
– Limit 5–7 lines per slide
Limit words to 5–7 per line
Use sans-serif fonts
Contrast between background and text
It is important to create a balance in the slide design:
Ensure that the font is large enough for the audience to read. Select a sans-serif font such as Arial versus Times New Roman to make the text more legible for the reader.
Present the key message (on the slide) as bulleted or numbered points and elaborate in the speaker notes (see Slide 6 for creation of speaker’s notes).
In addition, if there are large amounts of text on the slide, the reader will be detracted from the message while attempting to read the slide instead of listening to you (Pugsley, 2010).
Select a slide design that will provide a good contrast between the text and the background color of the slide, like white text on a blue background, or black text on a light-colored background (Pugsley, 2010).
Fonts & Comparison
Script at 12 point
Times New Roman at 12 points
Arial at 12 points
Script at 16 points
Times New Roman at 24 points
Arial at 32 points
The purpose of this slide is to demonstrate the legibility of various fonts and sizes. Imagine sitting in a room attempting to read the size 12-point fonts; please note how especially difficult it is to read the size 12-point “Script” font.
As noted previously, the key concepts are to be presented as bulleted or numbered points on the slide. The additional information (for the speaker) is provided within the typed speaker notes, located under the slide in the Normal View.
The purpose of the Speaker Notes is to expand upon the idea and document what you want to say about the information on the slide. In addition, the Speaker’s Notes ensure that all key points are covered, and provide crucial information should the presentation be presented by multiple speakers, such as in a multi-facility system. Please note, the Speaker’s Notes should elaborate upon the key messages on the slide, and should not restate the contents of the slide.
To create Speaker’s Notes: Open your PowerPoint Presentation. The screen first opens in what is known as Normal View. Under the slide is a section that reads, Click here to add notes. Simply click and type.
Printing the Speaker’s Notes can be challenging. Do not use Quick Print as this will merely result in a copy of the entire slide versus the Notes Pages. To print the Speaker’s Notes, select Office → Print What → Select Notes Pages→ Grayscale → OK. The Notes Pages will provide you with a copy of the slide with the Speaker’s Notes located under the slide. For best quality of text, select grayscale versus pure black and white.
Special Effects: Embellish or Distract?
Be sure to follow the principles for slide design, such as be cautious to avoid the overuse of graphics, transition, and sound because they can detract from the message. In addition, too many graphics can greatly increase the size of the file and interfere with the time that it takes to download an online presentation. When choosing whether to insert a graphic, ask the following. Will the transitions or the graphics enhance the message or emphasize a key point? If not, do not insert the graphic or the transition simply for the sake of embellishing the slide. Do you see how the graphics in this slide do not add value to the message? Just as too many graphics are distracting, so is the use of too many transitions. Too many graphics, sounds, and transitions will detract from the message and are annoying during a lengthy presentation (to see an example of the poor use of sound and animation, view this slide in the Slide Show mode). You will quickly discover how the sound, if added to each slide, would be a major distraction from the message.
It is very easy to insert a graphic into a slide presentation, and images are readily available on the Web. One caveat is to be cognizant of copyright laws when adding graphics and media components to your presentation (Pugsley, 2010).
Putting it all Together
Plan for the unexpected
Don’t stand and read ALL notes
Make eye contact with audience
Practice, practice, practice!!!
Prepare ahead of time by practicing your presentation to see if your timing is effective. Dress in a professional manner on the day of the presentation. Arrive early to determine that the equipment is available and functioning. Test the equipment before the audience arrives to familiarize yourself with its operation, and to ensure that the audience can view the slides and hear any audio that you have included. Place your notes in a location that allows you to look easily from the notes to the audience. Avoid staring too much at the projected slides because this gives the appearance that you are presenting to the screen. Instead, glance at each new slide to make sure it is the correct one, then direct your attention to the audience.
Plan for the unexpected. Make sure the presentation is backed up in several places. For example, use a flash drive, and e-mail the presentation to yourself. Create a plan to continue the presentation in the event that the equipment fails or is not available as anticipated.
Bott, E., & Leonhard, W. (2007). Using Microsoft office 2007: The only office book you need. Indianapolis, IN: Que Publishing.
Pugsley, L. (2010). Design an effective PowerPoint presentation. Education for Primary Care, 21, 51–53.
Provide a list of references that are cited in the presentation. Consider ways to make the electronic file of the slides available after the presentation, perhaps by distributing to an e-mail list or posting on a website, especially if no handouts were distributed.
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